In following European countries abortion is prohibited by law, only allowed under certain circumstances.
Under the general criminal law principles of necessity, an abortion can be performed to save the life of the pregnant woman. According to the Code, a pregnant woman who performs an abortion or consents to an abortion will incur a penalty of up to two and one-half years of imprisonment. If another person performs an abortion with the consent of the woman, the maximum applicable penalty will be four years’ imprisonment. The penalty will be imprisonment for up to six years if the perpetrator is a physician, medical practitioner or health officer, or a person who customarily, or with the intent of profit, performs abortive practices. An abortion performed without the consent of the woman is punishable by a maximum of 10 years’ imprisonment. If abortive practices performed on a woman actually or supposedly pregnant result in serious injuries or the death of the woman, the maximum applicable penalty will be 12 years’ imprisonment. Any person offering his own or another’s services for the performance of an abortion or providing means or suggesting abortive procedures is subject to up to three years’ imprisonment.
See also: andorra1_Abortion
- Northern Ireland
Unlike in other European countries, abortion is almost completely criminalised in Northern Ireland. This does not prevent women from needing or seeking abortion. Instead it unfairly forces them to travel secretly, often alone, to Britain or Europe.
See also: abortioninireland.org
- Republic of Ireland
It is currently illegal for anyone to have an abortion the Republic of Ireland. However, the law does allow pregnant women to receive counselling and information about all their options. Make sure you choose a respected counselling service as some anti-abortion campaign groups have been known to masquerade as counselling services. If you then decide to have an abortion, it is your legal right to leave Ireland in order to do so. See also: abortioninireland.org
Abortion is illegal and prohibited in all circumstances. Anyone performing an abortion – or a woman who performs one on herself or consents to the procedure – can be jailed for between 18 months and three years. A physician, surgeon, obstetrician, or pharmacist who performs an abortion faces a jail term of 18 months to four years and a lifelong ban from exercising his or her profession. The government and bishops on the island objected strongly to moves in 2000 to perform abortions on a ship in international waters off Malta.
See Criminal Code, as amended through 2007: abortion/MALTA
Abortion is only allowed under following circumstances:
if the pregnancy is endangering the mother’s life or seriously jeopardizing her health.
If it is needed to save the woman’s life or to prevent serious injury to her health.
If there is a serious and irremediable defect in the fetus.
After rape or other sexual crime (the criminal act has to be confirmed by a prosecutor).! 22/01/97 on professional qualification of doctors permitted to perform an abortion or establish the risk of the woman’s life or the risk of fetal malformation.! 13/02/97 on qualifications of persons other than doctors empowered to counsel a pregnant woman intending to have an abortion; establishment of list of consultants and the rules for consultations.! Doctors performing abortions outside of stated grounds are subject to 2 years imprisonment
Unclear implications of the new law. The law is more restrictive in practice. There is a lot of evidence that many women were denied legal abortions to which they were legally entitled, particularly when their health is endangered. This is mainly due to the lack of adequate regulations on the medical grounds for abortion. It depends only on the doctors’ position and it can be easily abused, because they are influenced by anti-choice campaigns.! According to the law, the government was obliged to promote family planning and to introduce sexuality education in schools. But up until 2003 this part of the law has not yet been implemented, and in fact both the knowledge and the use of contraception are low.
All details download [pdf]
- San Marino
The tiny European state of San Marino is to maintain its total ban on abortion. The country’s governing Grand and General Council voted to reject proposals to end the ban.
The Gazzetta del Sud said the proposal had been put forward by the tiny republic’s two Captains Regent, who act as joint heads-of-state, but the council, which acts as the country’s parliament, voted by 27 members to 23 against legalising abortion.
The council did, however, approve plans not to prosecute San Marino citizens who travel abroad to have abortions. The country has an area of just 24 square miles and is entirely surrounded by Italy, making it easy for women to travel across the border for a termination – abortion has been legal in Italy since 1978.
All details download: [sanmarino_Abortion]
- Northern Ireland